Vocabulary in News : Asphalt made of cigarette butts?

Discussion in 'Education' started by Squline Media, Aug 21, 2017.

  1. Squline Media

    Squline Media Member

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    #besmartyourway #havefunbefluent

    Hello Guys! Sesi lanjutan Vocab in News here, let's get it on~

    Vocabulary in News adalah series pembelajaran bahasa Inggris dari Squline untuk mempelajari kosakata bahasa Inggris di dalam berita dari dalam dan luar negeri. Dengan ini kamu akan semakin mendapat banyak kosakata dan bisa mengerti isi berita bahasa Inggris tersebut. Sekarang belajar bahasa Inggris dapat dilakukan dimana saja dan kapan saja melalui Squline. Tambahkan akun LINE @squline untuk bisa menanyakan langsung pelajaran bahasa Inggris dengan fitur chat bahasa Inggris Ask Allaine.

    Vocabulary

    1. widespread

    |ˈwīdˌspred| Adjective

    Tersebar dan terbagi pada banyak orang

    contoh : There was widespread support for the war.



    2. litter

    |ˈlidər| Noun

    sampah

    contoh : In Singapore, they take littering problem very seriously.



    3. reside

    |rəˈzīd| Verb

    tinggal secara permanen/terdapat/terkandung (rumah, daerah, atau kandungan zat)

    contoh : The paintings now reside on the walls of a restaurant.



    4. neglected

    |nəˈɡlektəd| Adjective

    terlantar, tertinggal, tidak dipedulikan

    contoh : There are plenty of neglected villages and areas in Indonesia, that need the Government’s attention.



    5. conductivity

    |ˌkänˌdəkˈtivədē| Noun

    daya penerus, suatu materi yang tersalur melalui materi

    contoh : The rate at which het passes through a specified material is called thermal conductivity.



    6. encapsulation

    |inˌkaps(y)əˈlāSH(ə)n| Noun

    memasukkan sesuatu dalam kapsul, enkapsulasi.

    contoh : This article is an encapsulation of everything that is wrong with the economy.



    7. aggregates

    |ˈaɡriɡət| Noun

    mengumpulkan secara keseluruhan

    contoh : The council was an aggregate of three regional assemblies.



    8. leaching

    kata dasar : leach

    |lēCH| Verb

    meluluhkan

    contoh : The nutrient is quickly leached away.

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    Article : Asphalt made of cigarette butts solves a number of great problems

    The widespread consumption of cigarettes is not only damaging to an individual’s well being, but to the environment as well.

    The 6 trillion cigarettes produced each year generates over 1.2 million tons of cigarette butt litter, which take years to break down. In the meantime, as they litter the streets and other areas, the toxic chemicals that reside inside them cause even further damage, as they are slowly released into creeks, rivers and the ocean.

    However, a team at the RMIT University in Melbourne, Australia, may have just found a solution. Soon enough, instead of walking on a footpath covered with cigarette butt litter, you may be walking on them instead.

    Led by Dr. Abbas Mohajerani, the team at RMIT have studied the possibility of mixing asphalt with cigarette butts to create an alternative for road construction that cleans up neglected litter as well. The results of their study demonstrates that this mixture is able to handle heavy traffic, whilst also reducing thermal conductivity. This means that not only could this act as a solution to a large waste problem, but it could also be useful in reducing the “urban heat island” effect that warms cities up to uncomfortable levels.

    “I have been trying for many years to find sustainable and practical methods for solving the problem of cigarette butt pollution,” said Mohajerani, who is a senior lecturer in RMIT’s School of Engineering, as reported by kompas.com. “Cigarette filters are designed to trap hundreds of toxic chemicals and the only ways to control these chemicals are either by effective encapsulation for the production of new lightweight aggregates or by the incorporation in fired clay bricks.”

    “In this research, we encapsulated the cigarette butts with bitumen and paraffin wax to lock in the chemicals and prevent any leaching from the asphalt concrete. The encapsulated cigarettes butts were mixed with hot asphalt mix for making samples,” Mohajerani added. “This research shows that you can create a new construction material while ridding the environment of a huge waste problem.”

    This project is the result of five years of research, and the team’s work has been published in the journal of Construction and Building Materials. (tha/kes)

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    Quoted from The Jakarta Post :

    http://www.thejakartapost.com/life/...-butts-solves-a-number-of-great-problems.html
     
    Last edited: Aug 25, 2017
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